The Story of the EVOO in Apulia
The olive trees found in Puglia are among the oldest known. The first discoveries of olive cultivation in Puglia date back to the Neolithic period (5000 BC): the greatest concentration of olive trees is in the province of Bari (Torre a Mare and Fasano). Olives, since ancient times, have always had considerable role in the Mediterranean basin. There are testimonies about an intense activity of production and sale of these products since the times of the Romans and Greeks.
The oil obtained from Apulian olive trees was also used by the Romans as an ointment for the beauty of the body, as well as an ingredient capable of feeding oil lamps. According to Greek mythology, the Goddess Athena planted the first olive tree in the land of Apulia. The Greeks considered it a sacred plant, a symbol of courage, strength and peace: those who caused damage or uprooted it were even sent into exile.
The merit of the diffusion of Coratina is of an entrepreneur of Tuscan origin Raffaele Perfetti who, at the end of the nineteenth century, was the owner of one of the largest oil mills in Barletta.
The Perfetti family was well known in the Oleario world.
Mr. Perfetti, understanding the potential of the Coratina variety, asked the University Professor Girolamo Caruso, who was professor of Agronomy at the University of Pisa, to study this variety. The prfessor was extremely impressed by the robustness, strenght, high productivity and beauty of this new variety of olive trees. He was assured that it was a variety that came from Corato (hence the name Coratina). Convinced by the results of his studies, he published for the first time in 1882 the botanical description expressing the high potential of Coratina. His words were not unheard of, the result was a great spread of the variety that will be planted continuously making the province of Bari and Foggia a huge sea of olive trees. Today Puglia is most productive region in Italy of extra virgin olive oil, reaching 51% of Italian productivity.
Sensory profile characteristic of the Coratina Olive variety
Coratina olive variety produced in purity, highlights the strong flavors, typical of beautiful Puglia. Fluid and immediately enveloping, herbaceous scents with clear notes of artichoke, almond and chicory, the right balance of bitter and spicy.