Margherito Ancient Grain


Margherito is one of the 52 ancient grains present in Sicily today.
It has Babylonian origins, with various passages through the countries that overlooked the Mediterranean basin, predisposed to the cultivation of wheat and therefore with hot, dry climates, including Tunisia.

Margherito Ancient Grain

Bidì, so called in the western part of Sicily, a name deriving from the inscription on the sacks of wheat coming from Tunisia BD or durum wheat in French “Blè Dur”, or Margherito called in the eastern part of Sicily for the place where the Margherito valley in Catania was cultivated.

 It is a wheat that produces 50% less than modern varieties – 20 quintals per hectare instead of 40 or 50 – with a very low gluten index and for this reason easily digestible.

It was one of the many grains that after the Second World War had disappeared from the fields because of the low yield. The xperimental graniculture station of Caltagirone took on an important task: save a preserve all those grains and now it is included in the list of varieties to be preserved. 

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